Integrating Job Creation 

Integrating Job Creation


Job creation is an urgent imperative worldwide, and especially critical in Africa given the demographic boom and extremely high levels of unemployment.


Historically job creation and infrastructure go hand-in-hand. Over decades worldwide, infrastructure projects and programmes have been developed with the explicit objective of large-scale catalytic job creation. In one single project, jobs are created at the project level (direct jobs), supplier level (indirect jobs), from the use of income earned from direct and indirect workers (induced jobs), and from the economic spill-over effects of infrastructure services such as energy, transport, internet and communication services (secondary jobs). In fact, over decades national and subnational governments of developed countries, including the United States, Europe, and Asia (notably China), have implemented industrial policies that boost job creation through the requirement for local contractors, materials, and workers.

The on-line PIDA Job Creation Toolkit was developed by GlobalDF for the African Union Development Agency NEPAD with the support of the German government as a tool designed  to maximize African jobs resulting from the preparation, construction, and operation of Africa infrastructure projects. Project Owners, technical partners, and government policy makers can estimate the total job impact from their projects (including indirect, induced, and secondary jobs) and think through ways to increase the number and quality of African jobs.

The Interactive Map on the Job Creation Toolkit shows estimated jobs created by PIDA and other infrastructure projects in Africa. Use filters below to see total job estimates for specific types of projects or individual countries. Results by country or project appear under the filters, sorted by total job years. The map shows the relative number of job years for each country. Countries included in a filter are highlighted in red. Roll over a country to see more details. For the most detailed information on specific projects, click on the project link to see the project’s Job Estimate Report.

Map to be filtered by Filter map by Project Phase, Economic Impact, Project, Sector, Country or Regional Economic Community


To access the Interactive Map, click here


1. Overview of Job Creation Interventions

Access the Overview 


2. The PIDA Job Creation Maximization Guide

Access the Guide


3. View Toolkit Public Information

All Toolkit published information is open to the public.

Access the Toolkit


4. Use Toolkit to Estimate Jobs

To use the Toolkit to estimate jobs, you need to register with AUDA-NEPAD and agree to the Terms & Conditions.

Ask for login


Click here to provide feedback and input 

Details on Solution 

1) The PIDA Job Creation Maximization Guide

The Toolkit’s Maximise Jobs Module provides a “job lens” of possible interventions and actions steps that could be used to develop, finance, and operate African infrastructure projects joining the twin priority goals of: (1) delivering on African infrastructure and (2) increasing the impact of infrastructure on African job creation. Both goals are of utmost political and economic importance: Increasing African jobs can work hand-in-hand with the accelerated development of investable African infrastructure assets that meet the investment criteria of private sector investment (including institutional investment). 

Access guide, examples and resources


10 Job Maximization Actions

ACTION 1: Develop African Infrastructure Skills

ACTION 2: Implement a Project Social Impact Management Plan

ACTION 3: Create a Project Local Content Policy

ACTION 4: Selectively Implement Labour-Intensive Methods

ACTION 5: Require Project Procurement Programmes to Use Local Suppliers

ACTION 6: Focus National Procurement Policies on Youth & Gender

ACTION 7: Launch Sector Investment Programme with Local Content Requirements or Incentives

ACTION 8: Implement Tax Incentives to Increase Local Content

ACTION 9: Adapt & Scale Educational Programmes

ACTION 10: Crowd in Investors that Prioritize African Job Creation


2) Toolkit Public Information

The website provides information on best practices, job estimates for selected practices, and an interactive map providing details on estimated jobs for the three main phases of projects: development phase, construction phase, and operational phase. The estimated secondary job estimates resulting from the improvement of the environment are also included. Users can filter job estimates by country, regional.

View the Toolkit 

3) Methodology for Developing Job Estimates

The PIDA Job Creation Toolkit is designed based on best practices, as summarized below:

  • Uses National Input-Output Tables, leveraging decades of job estimation approaches used worldwide by multilateral organizations (e.g., World Bank, OECD, etc.) and governments of both developing and developed countries
  • Includes Full Spectrum of Job Creation:
    • Direct jobs (jobs created by the project)
    • Indirect jobs (jobs created by suppliers to the project)
    • Induced jobs (jobs created by spending of direct and indirect workers)
    • Secondary jobs (jobs created as a result of the economic impact of the completed project, such as increased access to energy and transport)
  • Includes Job Creation over Life Cycle of Project: Covers the useful life of the project (i.e., until the project is estimated to stop operating)
  • Provides Labor Market Information: Breaks out project job estimates by main occupational categories for planning of skills development & education programs
  • Serves as Advisory Tool for Job Creation Interventions: Provides Policymakers, Project Owners, partners and other stakeholders with range of job maximization policies, programs, processes, etc. with case study examples and resource links


4) Use Toolkit to Estimate Jobs

To use the Toolkit to estimate jobs, you need to register with AUDA-NEPAD and agree to the Terms & Conditions.

Request a login


Invitation to Partner

GlobalDF invites interested parties to help refine and apply specific technical interventions and tools that can increase the quantity and quality of jobs resulting from infrastructure projects. Please contact us by clicking here.

Let's Deliver Results Together! 

Actionable effective collaboration is urgently required to design and implement finance solutions to achieve the SDGs and Climate Goals!

GlobalDF Spotlight

GlobalDF develops Compendium of Private Sector Proposals for Addis Ababa FfD Conference

In support of the business steering committee of Financing for Development (FfD), GlobalDF facilitated the preparation of the Business Sector Steering Committee’s proposals to UN Member States.

GlobalDF sets forth country finance solutions at the Addis Ababa FfD Conference

In collaboration with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Swedish government, and the Mexican Government, GlobalDF convened the side event “The New Financing Framework for Sustainable Development: How to Create Investment Opportunities at Scale?”

GlobalDF develops the World Bank’s City Creditworthiness Self-Assessment & PlanningToolkit

Given the need for cities to access finance, GlobalDF was engaged by the World Bank with support from the Rockefeller Foundation to develop an assessment and planning tool for local governments to improve their creditworthiness.

GlobalDF co-creates “Unlocking Actions to Mobilize Institutional Investment in Africa Infrastructure”

Given the urgent need to mobilize institutional investment in Africa’s infrastructure, the report sets forth critical unlocking actions that can be implemented immediately by institutional investors and host governments.

GlobalDF co-creates the “Benchmark for Investing in African Infrastructure Project Development”

Given the urgent need to mobilize finance for the development of bankable projects in Africa, unlocking actions have been benchmarked by GlobalDF based on surveys of project developers and investors.

GlobalDF advises G-20 leadership at the UN

Given the need for more effective infrastructure for development, GlobalDF presented recommendations to the Saudi leadership at the 2019 G20 Development Working Group Workshop.

Tools & Partners

Government-Investor Networks (GINs)

INFRADEV: Mitigating the Risks of Infrastructure Investment

Excel Tool to Assess Financial Needs

Short-Hand Tool to Assess Project Funding Sources

Training Modules for Financing Projects

Processes for Developing Bankable Project Pipelines

Finance Roadmaps for Climate Projects